Sunday, December 8, 2019

Lecture Notes about Ethical Consumerism & Case Study Of Coca Cola

Question: Describe about the Ethical Consumerism, a Case Study of Coca Cola? Answer: Executive summary: Ethical consumerism can be justified as the purchase of the services and goods that are produced and manufactured in an ethical way. Ethical consumerism can also define the production technique should not take place in such a way that can harm the society or the environment. Consumers are having intension to buy products, which are produced or manufactured ethically. The techniques of producing or manufacturing products ethically should not engage children and the work place even the work culture need to be maintained. Those consumers who are involved in practicing such form of buying behavior are known as ethical consumer. In this document study is based upon the concept of ethical consumerism and its significance on the business organizations. It is expected to accept the fact of continued success of business organization is measured by the ethical business practices. In this scenario a company Coca Cola is identified here, that is a multinational beverage company. Like most of the companies, Coca Cola is focused on customer satisfaction along with ethical consumerism. According to the researches and surveys, Coca Colas ethical consumerism and ethical practices have been highlighted here. Introduction: Ethical consumerism is a type of consumer activism that is mainly based on widely known concept of dollar voting. Ethical consumerism is practiced through positive buying of the ethical products or pursuing moral boycott, that is company based purchasing or negative purchasing. There is a huge number of people are there who are engaged in ethical decision making. Ethical decisions are made regarding product purchase keeping in mind about the product characteristics, whether the products are environment friendly or not and also the human rights, maintenance of labor standards, managing technologies and techniques are the aspects to keep in mind. Ethical consumerism is the rapidly increasing issues that are randomly used to recognize the ethical business activities that are miscellaneous in nature. With ethical business practice consumers values, interest can be concluded while decision making is concerned. Even consumer can also draw the conclusion on the environmental responsibilitie s held by the companies and production process is also considered to measure, whether the process is going on effectively or not. In context of ethical consumerism, it can be justified as the purchase of the services and goodsproduced and manufactured in an ethical way. Ethical consumerism can also define the production technique should not take place in such a way that can harm the society or the environment. Consumers are having intension to buy products, which are produced or manufactured ethically. The techniques of producing or manufacturing products ethically should not engage children and the work place even the work culture need to be maintained. Those consumers who are involved in practicing such form of buying behavior are known as ethical consumer. In this document study is based upon the concept of ethical consumerism and its significance on the business organizations. It is expected to accept the fact of continued success of business organization is measured by the ethical business practices. In this scenario a company Coca Cola is identified here, that is amultinational beverage company. Like most of the companies, Coca Cola is focused on customer satisfaction along with ethical consumerism. According to the researches and surveys, Coca Colas ethical consumerism and ethical practices have been highlighted here. Detailed review of the company: Coca Cola enterprise is a producer, marketer and distributor of Coca Cola products. The company Coca Cola is responsible for the production of Coca Cola, Cock Zero, Diet Cock, Fanta, sprite, Ocean Spray, Schweppes, relentless, monster and so on (Barkay, 2011). In the year of 1980, Coca Cola owned the Coca Cola bottling company of New York with 215 million dollar. In the year of 1982, Coca Cola owned the associated Coca Colabottling companywith 417.5 million dollar. Beatrice food, which is known for its bottling operation, was owned by Coca Cola in the year in the year of 1986 (Albanese, 2001). Few of its production facilities are located in Sweden, Norway, Netherlands, France, Belgium and UK. As an anchor bottler in North America, it is having its largest hybrid electric trucks in North America.For the large deliveries, the hybrid tractor units are used with a standard bulk. CCE (Coca Cola enterprise) planned to deploy total 185 numbers of hybrid trucks across the Canada and U.S in 2009 (Albanese, 2001). As per the revenue results of Coca Cola enterprise and Coca Cola company, 2014, the sales of the North America division of the CCEs, Coca cola paid over 15 billion dollar along with the salvation of Coca Colas 33% shareholding in Coca Cola Enterprise. Values and ethics conducted by Coca Cola: Coca Cola set its value by fundamental integrity rule of the Coca Cola. In this context integrity means doing right thing. By acting with integrity Coca Cola is able to reflect positive impacts of applied values and gained reputation of its brands and company in over 200 countries (Karnani, n.d.). In this context Code of business conduct helped Coca Cola a lot to define the way employees conduct themselves being the representative of the Coca Cola Company. The Code addresses employees responsibilities towards the company, to the customers, to the supplier, to the governments and to the each other (Karnani, n.d.). Companys aim is to fairly deal the customers, consumers, suppliers and treat them with respect and honesty. Hence it was imposed that, not engage in deceptive, unfair or misleading practices. It is always taken care about the companys product presentation in and forthright and honest manner. It is also taken care that nothing should be provided to the customers, consumers or supplier in exchange for illegitimate advantage for the company (Gunkel, 2014). Scaling the quality of food plays an important role, while company thrives to offer best quality of beverages at affordable price varies with different quantity and flavor. Another secondary research has been found on ethical practices carried out by the Coca Cola. Coca Cola has adopted various steps by eliminating the high carbon level of the products, even removed saturated fat. Furthermore Coca Colas decision to eliminate BVO from drink is reflecting the positive movement of Coca Cola. Hence, it encourages customers and employees to live with a good workplace environment and to tackle problems that occur in the work font (Gunkel, 2014). The ethical trading of products of Coca Cola has covered a beneficial point by trading the product in an effective way, hence consumers can engage in the ethical purchase.Due to ethical engagement of the consumers, Coca Cola keep their customers, consumers aware about product knowledge they are consuming (Henn, 2000). In this context Coca Cola is aware about how to make customers aware about their products- such as, a) Coca Cola is aware about making product levels clearly and in a concise manner; hence it is possible to meet the legal requirements of the target country, where the product is sold. In this context, legal requirement are Business values: business values are set, in order to set standards to approve suppliers.Effective Monitoring: A suitable working environments are identified, in order to make better supply chain (Gunkel, 2014).Improvement of the workplace: keeping aspect of safety in mind, scope for advancement in workplace safety and safety of supplier is given.Quality: Quality of product has been maintained for customer retention (Hudson, Hudson and Edgerton, 2013).b) Bribes are banned: A Bribe is offering or giving anything valuable to the government officials in order to take a flexible decision. For example, a bribe can be the lump of money given to the government official to affect a decision to continue or award business relation. In this scenario Coca Cola has banned such favorable treatment by indirectly or directly offering anything to government officials (Devinney, Auger and Eckhardt, 2010).c) To be consistent about the relevant laws and guidelines company has adopted personal political activity, to follow the guidelines: Company never force its employees to be engaged in a personal political activity. Job of an employee is strictly banned to affect by their personal political view (Clarke, 2008). Survey results: Based on 15 students at GSM London, a short survey has been conducted based on Convenience Random Sampling. Did you test Coca Cola products? Likert scale range Number of respondents Frequency percentage Strongly agree (5) 4 27 Agree (4) 5 33 Indifferent (3) 3 20 Disagree 1 7 Strongly disagree 2 13 It is seen that there are around 60 percent of students have tested Coca Cola products. Do you think that the company is committed to sourceedible colors, whole grains or low fat grains in an ethical way? Likert scale range Number of respondents Frequency percentage Strongly agree (5) 3 20 Agree (4) 4 27 Indifferent (3) 5 33 Disagree (2) 1 7 Strongly disagree (1) 2 13 It is evident that 33 percent of students are having similar opinion about companys involvement in sourcing of foods, while it is also apparent that 47 percent of students are sensible about their food consumption. Scale your level of satisfaction with ingredients that are in use in Coca Cola products? Likert scale range Number of respondents Frequency percentage Strongly agree (5) 1 7 Agree (4) 3 20 Indifferent (3) 2 13 Disagree (2) 4 27 Strongly disagree (1) 5 33 With the current controversies of using chemical in the products made the scenario of dissatisfaction of around 60% students. According to your view is it healthy for children to consume products of Coca Cola? Likert scale range Number of respondents Frequency percentage Strongly agree (5) 3 20 Agree (4) 5 34 Indifferent (3) 2 13 Disagree (2) 2 13 Strongly disagree (1) 3 20 By this graphical representation it is evident that there are 54% of students believe that Coca Cola is maintaining their health consciousness parameter. As per your view scale the working condition of Coca Cola. Likert scale range Number of respondents Frequency percentage Strongly agree (5) 3 20 Agree (4) 4 27 Indifferent (3) 5 33 Disagree (2) 2 13 Strongly disagree (1) 1 7 Scale companies values and ethics standards as per your view. Likert scale range Number of respondents Frequency percentage Strongly agree (5) 2 13 Agree (4) 5 33 Indifferent (3) 5 33 Disagree (2) 2 13 Strongly disagree (1) 1 8 Lastly we can conclude that there are 33% of students are there who are indifferent about value and ethics practices done by Coca Cola and 33% students agree to the application of values and ethics in company. Another secondary research has been found on ethical practices carried out by the Coca Cola. Coca Cola has adopted various steps by eliminating the high carbon level of the products, even removed saturated fat. Furthermore Coca Colas decision to eliminate BVO from drink is reflecting the positive movement of Coca Cola. Conclusion: In this modern era of globalization customers are free about their options and choices. Numbers are consumers are engaging to make decision based upon the green economy. Hence it is important for a business enterprise to assess the needs of the customer. There are two types of ethical consumerism, moral boycott and positive buying. Moral boycott refers to the concept of boycotting products due to their harmful production by breaking ethical terms. Moral boycott takes place when the products are made harming the environment or taking advantage of workers by paying them low wage. Positive buying engage consumers in such a buying behavior, where consumers are concerned about the ethical products, those are involved in production for general wellbeing rather than self-absorption. Rest form these two kinds of ethical consumerism, the ingredients of Coca Cola products are also considered as another kind of awareness that is seen among the consumers. Different nutritional information about the product are needed to be available while it is purchased, Judicious and fair employment of labor, maintenance of human rights, giving protection to the consumers as well as workers, in order to follow the sustainability and practices regarding green environment hence the reusability and recycling of the product can be followed. In this context Coca Cola Company is seen to be stood by the corporate social responsibility which is associated with the issues regarding environment management, labor standard maintenance, eco-efficiency, human rights, prohibiting child labor, gender balance, working condition of labor and required action in account of corruption are taken. Hence environmental, social and economic factors stay balanced. References Albanese, F. (2001). Merchandising and Licensing to Improve Brand Equity. The Coca-Cola Case. Symphonya. Emerging Issues in Management, (1). Barkay, T. (2011). When Business and Community Meet: A Case Study of Coca-Cola. Critical Sociology, 39(2), pp.277-293. Clarke, N. (2008). From Ethical Consumerism to Political Consumption. Geography Compass, 2(6), pp.1870-1884. Devinney, T., Auger, P. and Eckhardt, G. (2010). The myth of the ethical consumer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Gunkel, C. (2014). Politicizing Consumer Choice. Frankfurt: Peter Lang GmbH, Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften. Henn, W. (2000). Consumerism in prenatal diagnosis: a challenge for ethical guidelines. Journal of Medical Ethics, 26(6), pp.444-446. Hudson, M., Hudson, I. and Edgerton, J. (2013). Political Consumerism in Context: An Experiment on Status and Information in Ethical Consumption Decisions. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 72(4), pp.1009-1037. Karnani, A. (n.d.). Corporate Social Responsibility Does Not Avert the Tragedy of the Commons - Case Study: Coca-Cola India. SSRN Journal. Koumi, A. and Panos, M. (2010). Oesophageal food impaction in achalasia treated with Coca-Cola and nifedipine. Case Reports, 2010(feb02 1), pp.bcr0520091891-bcr0520091891.

Saturday, November 30, 2019

Sustainable business in a sustainable society

Introduction Sustainability in a business can be regarded as the success of the company in both short term and the long run. In the business milieu, there are many forces that affect the operations of business and these plays an imperative role as the managers must define ways of overcoming these challenges.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Sustainable business in a sustainable society specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Before the promotion of business sustainability and corporate social responsibility, financial responsibility was the main agenda in most companies but this has changed as the need for businesses to consider the society and the environment before making any decisions increases. Sustainability principles encompass a raft of voluntary measures adopted by a business and which include the social and environmental concerns in the operations of business and call for stakeholder involvement (Kleef Roome, 2 007). These factors encompass social, financial, environmental opportunities and threats that are within the business facet. When business incorporate healthy social and economic strategies, there are likely to overcome any present and future resiliency and this put the business in a strategic position which in turns increases it future growth (Lawrence Weber, 2010). In this paper, the statement â€Å"The only viable future for business is to become a sustainable business in a sustainable society† will be discussed. A sustainable business can be regarded as a business that: Uses sustainable raw materials Delivers services and products to consumers that are deemed to be sustainable Sells economic products Uses renewable sources of energy Is socially involved and assist the society around the company All the above aspects are used to ensure that a business is sustainable. Most of the aspects highlighted enable the business to produce products that will have high utility valu e to consumers and which don’t harm the environment. Sustainability also involves social participations where the company is actively involved in helping the society achieve its objective (Johnson, Scholes, Whittingham, 2011). Another key issue is the need for strategies adapted by the business, to be environmentally friendly. For sustainable business future, it is also imperative that the business produces economically and is able to satisfy both the consumers and the employees.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Strategies to Achieve Business Sustainability As aforementioned, the modern business environment requires a business to adapt sustainable business methods for it to be effective and sustainable in the future. Various strategies can be adapted by the business so as to achieve short and long term sustainability. The main methods used to achieve business sustainab ility can be grouped into three major areas, these are: Economic strategies Social involvement Environmental protection The social, economical and environmental actions can be defined as the triple bottom line in the models used by managers to enhance the business sustainability. Economic factors encompass strategies that increase profits, minimize on costs, promote the effective use of resources and strategies that promote the successful operations of the business. The social factors encompass good staff treatment, the involvement of a company in social activities, reducing prices for products be sold in low income countries and regions, corporate social responsibility, working with the society on community projects among others (Kotler Lee, 2005). Lastly, it is imperative that a business considers the need to adapt environmental protection strategies such as use of clean energy, promoting the use of lean business process and, conducting a lifecycle analysis to ensure that the p roducts manufactured don’t cause environmental pollution at any stage (Hitchcock Willard, 2009). Business Sustainability Methods and Their Importance Corporate Social Responsibility There are a number of way through which companies engage the people living around the community. One of the widely used strategies is Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). CSR can be defined as achieving commercial success in methods that are ethical, abhor the peoples believes and protect the environment. The term is synonymous to corporate citizenship, cooperate accountability and business sustainability. In the modern world, it is impractical to achieve success without factoring in sustainability. Corporate social responsibility calls for the implementation of business strategies taking into account the needs and views of the community and other stakeholders in the organization (Bendell, 2005). The main reason for business being involved in CRS is the great influence that stakeholders of the business have on its operations. The stakeholders of a business greatly influence its performance directly and indirectly. These stakeholders include the customers, the employees, shareholders, governments, activists, competitors among others. The customers of a given business have a great impact on the operation of the business.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Sustainable business in a sustainable society specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These customers are usually drawn from the local, national and international area where the business operates. Actions by the company affect the environment where these customers live and hence they have direct impact on them. Secondly, when companies engage in activities that are beneficial to the people living around there area, they create awareness about the company and this builds the confidence that consumers have (Berkhout, 2005). This results to more people buying the p roducts distributed by the company. When a company addresses the social concerns of the people, they tend to gain good relations with the customers and this brings about consumer loyalty and increases the profitability of the business. When a business organization builds trust with the community, the customers and the employees become loyal to the business and this enables it to have a competitive edge as compared to the rival companies. By participating in social activities as well as addressing the concerns of communities, businesses are able to build and sustain a brand image for their products (Peter, 2009). This is particularly important as globalization has brought intense competition and there is great need for a company to attract and retain its customers. For business to be successfully, managers must ensure that they build good relations between the company and individuals, groups and institutions. There is no way a business can thrive in a society that is rapidly deterior ating. This calls for the business to participate in activities that will uplift the society (Blowfield Murray, 2011). Secondly, the employees of a company are also important and CRS activities must address them. It is important for managers to understand that without the employees, the company cannot succeed. In this regard, business decisions must inculcate the views of the employees. As the company grows, there is need for employees to be given attractive remunerations and training. For sustainable business development, the company must use part of its profits in increasing the salaries and also educating its workforce (Geoffrey, 2008). Thirdly, the government keeps a close surveillance on the company’s operation strategies. When business produce products that are harmful to the consumers or t below the consumer quality expectations, the reputation of that business may reduce and it can lose loyal consumers. Governments have in the past forced different companies to recal l their products and this damages the image of the company. Sustainable business strategy formulations call for business to evaluate the legal and regularly framework and ensure that they operate within this framework.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition to the three benefits of CSR, there are other numerous advantages that business gain due to their involvement in CRS activities. These include: Better risk management: when managers take into account the views of stakeholders during the implementations of new strategies, the risks are easily indentified and methods of managing them are formulated. Sustainability calls for managers to consider the governance, legal, social and environmental factors during the decision making process which result to better risk management. Improved reputations: when a company participates in CRS, it gains good reputations among the customers, shareholders, policy makers and investors. This results to an improvement of the brand value and equity of the company. This enables the company to attract investors, customers and employees. Ability to recruit and retain employees: CSR enables a company to develop good human resource management policies. Most employees are willing to work in organiza tions that have friendly policies. Improved innovations: Companies that participate in CSR are able to identify more business opportunities and adopt other innovative strategies as suggested by the stakeholders. When employees are satisfied, they are capable of developing new products and giving out new business ideas that may be beneficial to the organization. When a business takes into account the views of the stakeholders, there are likely to tap rich and innovative strategies from them (Daniel Winston, 2009). Development of effective supply chain The organizational supply chain is one of the areas where an organization is most vulnerable. When firms develop long term business relationship and also join with suppliers who have advocate for CSR and standard improvement, the supply chain becomes manageable and this results to improvement (Bendixen Abratt, 2007). Increased access to capital: in the modern world, financial institutions consider the firms involvement in CSR before a pproving grants and loans. Companies must prove their worth by indicating some of the CSR activities they perform as well as their ability to manufacture products that don’t harm the environment. Some financial institutions have polices addressing environmental concerns and give loans to activities that don’t harm the environment. Favourable relations with regulators: when a company participates in CSR, they gain approvals from governments, activists and environmental agencies and this build their reputations. If a company was to perform operations that damage the environment, the regulators might ban the company or impose very heavy fines and these would destroy the company in the long run.CSR indicators play an important role in deciding whether a particularly company can be given approvals. Economic Strategies The second pillar for sustainability is the economic pillar. For a business to be successful, it must continually engage in activities that reduce costs, incr ease efficiency, improve the products value and minimise wastage. All these factors enable the company to increase their profit margin and this translates into greater sustainability in the long run. The main economic strategy that the company can use is Lean manufacturing and services. This involves the adoption of strategies that will reduce wastes generated by the business. In lean, all the wastes are identified and strategies of minimizing these wastes are formulated. The major wastes that need to be eliminated in most businesses include; material wastes, extra personnel, less machine utilisations among others. Lean manufacturing methods entails the progressive removal of all the wastes generated by the firm and this increases the profitability of the company in the following ways Efficient utilisations of raw materials: using lean nearly all the raw materials are converted to the finished product. Efficient labour use: lean ensures that all workers are engaged in the productio n process. Efficient use of production factors: all factors of production are effectively used. Eliminations of wastes: lean eliminates wastes and these is beneficial to the environment. Environmental Strategies The third pillar of business sustainability is the consideration of the environment during the decision making process and production. The environment plays a significant indirect role and must be preserved for the current and future generations. The company must ensure that their products and services meet the health and environmental standards. This is vital because the destruction of the environment will affect the consumer base and the environment where the company operates. The company must ensure that a number of strategies are developed to ensure that the products and services are environmentally friendly. The company must adopt eco-efficient strategies such as: Ensure that less energy is used during the manufacture of products Carry out a life cycle analysis so as to determine the impacts that product will have on the environment. This is done by considering the impacts from raw materials, finished product, its consumption and disposal (Michael William, 2002). Recycling materials when possible Reduction in toxic materials released to the environment Maximising on the use of renewable resources Ensure that products are durable Implementation Methods and Steps From the above discussion, it can be seen that companies must adopt strategies that will propel their business towards sustainability. The change process must be gradual and continuous. This means that the company must continually evaluate their operations and ensure that there are improved every time (Kies, 2002). The implementations can be done through the following steps: Company vision, missions and objective changes: The company vision, mission, core values and objectives must address sustainability issues such as environmental protection, customer and employee satisfaction and pr ofitability Improving the corporate culture: The Company must ensure that it adopts a good corporate culture that takes into account the needs of employees. Strategic planning: For sustainable business, a strategic plan must be designed and implemented. All aspects that propel a business towards sustainability must be incorporated in the strategic plan (Werbach, 2009). This plan should essentially details methods through which these sustainability goals will be achieved. The time for achieving these goals and the evaluation methods should also be detailed. If the strategic plan is followed, then the implementation process will be successful. Involving the management: the management staff must be trained on the need to incorporate CSR and other business sustainability methods in the company. Managers are the key implementers of the decisions made by the company and they must be enlightened through training. It is imperative to ensure the management commitment to the change process. A ccountability: The business must ensure that they are accountable of all their actions. Proper management system will ensure that all the functions are well distributed and the employees and managers are accountable for their actions. Communications: The communication between the management and employees should be enhanced. During the decision making process, all the stakeholders must be informed. Adequate communications is very important during the change process. References Bendell, J 2005, ‘In whose name? The accountability of corporate social responsibility’, Development in Practice, vol.15 no.3, pp. 362–374. Bendixen, M Abratt, R 2007, ‘Corporate identity, ethics and reputation in supplier-buyer relationships’, Journal of Business Ethics, vol.76 no.2, pp. 69–82. Berkhout, T 2005, ‘Corporate gains: Corporate social responsibility can be the strategic engine for long-term corporate profits and responsible social development’, Alternatives Journal, Vol. 31 no.1, pp.15–18. Blowfield, M Murray, A 2011, Corporate Responsibility, Wiley, New York. Daniel , C Winston, A 2009, Green to Gold: How Smart Companies Use Environmental Strategy to Innovate, Create Value, and Build Competitive Advantage 1st edition, Willey, New York. Geoffrey, H 2008, When Principles Pay: Corporate Social Responsibility and the Bottom Line, Columbia University Press, Columbia. Hitchcock, D Willard, M 2009, The Business Guide to Sustainability: Practical Strategies and Tools for Organizations, Routledge, Florence, Kentucky. Johnson, G , Scholes, K, Whittingham, R 2011, Exploring Corporate Strategy: Text and Cases 9th Edition, Financial Times Prentice Hall, London. Kies, H 2002, The Sixth Sense: Accelerating Organisational Learning with Scenarios, Wiley, New York. Kleef,J Roome, N 2007, ‘Developing capabilities and com ­petence for sustainable business management as innovation, A research agenda’, Journal of Cle aner Production, vol.15 no. 1, pp.38–51. Kotler, P Lee, N 2005, Corporate social responsibility: Doing the most good for your company and your cause, John Wiley Sons, Hoboken, NJ. Lawrence , A Weber, J 2010, Business and Society: Stakeholders, Ethics, Public Policy, 13th Edition, McGraw-Hill/Irwin, New York. Michael, B William, M 2002, Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things 1st edition , North Point Press, New York. Peter, B 2009, Community: The Structure of Belonging, Berrett-Koehler Publishers, California. Werbach, A 2009, Strategy for Sustainability: A Business Manifesto, Harvard Business Press, Harvard. This essay on Sustainable business in a sustainable society was written and submitted by user East0n to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Tuesday, November 26, 2019

Measuring quality in sport Essays

Measuring quality in sport Essays Measuring quality in sport Essay Measuring quality in sport Essay Using benchmarks within sports development is to measure the quality of an initiative or sports club. Benchmarking is a process that all clubs and initiatives have to follow to ensure they meet the correct requirements to achieve a benchmark. To get these benchmarks they must undergo Inspections and to have all data records looked upon to ensure they are covered In all kinds of insurances documents, safeguarding, and emergency procedures. Etc. National governing bodies and sports organizations such as Sport England and UK SPORT recognize these clubs that have achieved these benchmarks. Benchmarks are also used in comparisons with other sports clubs to produce a comparative and competitive source for which the standards of a club are compared to show people who are Interested In participating or know someone who does and want to Join a club fit for their needs. Quality Schemes are used to improve and continually are finding ways to improve the quality of customer service in the sports industry. Quality schemes are mostly aimed at leisure centre across the I-J that provide close contact will the general public. Sports Development organizations use self assessments or programmed to improve he qualities of sports clubs and sporting Initiatives. The assessment Is operated by a grading system that assesses; Timekeeping Workmanship Coaching Quality of Equipment Problem Solving Professionalism and Standards when the assessment takes place the club/lamentable have score boundaries they have for which whatever they are based on they fall Into that category which Is then published. The score boundaries are; Minimum 60% to be registered To achieve a higher category it has to be between 75% and 84% To achieve a excellent score they must score 85% and above So overall this measurement Is effect to show the quality of the club In making sure that the legal and formal parts of the club are at a high standard. The quality of a club is only shown if the club score 60% or more. Sport England Cellular A example of this is the Sport England Cellular. This cellular Is Issued one a club or leisure has passed the necessary procedure of approval. The cellular shows Sport England are in a way recommending this club that shows good standards and procedures within sport. The procedure of getting a cellular is set within guidelines for with an examiner will come in and ensure the club has all the accessory paperwork, safety procedures/action plans to ensure the participants are safe at all times. The criteria of the procedure is filled in and then a copy of certificates, policies and qualifications. The criteria is checked every 2 years to ensure the standards are met and that none of the paperwork used as evidence is not out- dated, if it is then the club must go about replacing them. In conclusion this type of assessment is quite effective due to marketing and advertising the cellular to show that the club is at a high standard. More so with participants who are edging towards the higher end of the sports development momentum, as parents will be looking for sports club that meets all of the desired targets that the parent may seem fit for their child to develop. Internal and Self-Assessment This is another procedure to measure quality in sport. Self-assessment is a evaluation provided of your own performance. Sports clubs and initiatives do this measure as their own clubs strengths and weaknesses. And the potential of the opportunities or threats they face. Sports clubs can then create a Development plan to fix the areas of development, and improve on their strengths. Self-assessing will alp initiatives and organizations set goals to improve their current results of assessment. Internal assessment means you can identify your successes and a areas of development and internally within your club can provide plans to improve the level of quality to a long term look and potential progress. A example of this is doing a SOOT Analysis to seek your strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats. This is a form of self-assessing and is used to evaluate current states and where the club is and how they can improve. Opportunities are the result of the strengths when having strength only positive outcomes can be achieved. Threats are the results of the weakness and are the negative outcomes. When using a soot analysis to be able to make goals to improve the quality and be able to progress forward the club must be able to make realistic targets that will be measurable and fit the specific needs for the club and its members. This is used by seeking the weaknesses and areas for development and producing a development plan to set the targets and goals for expand the club. This is a very effective way in improving the quality of sports clubs and initiatives. This because it is easy to show the strengths and weaknesses and show that in the rent state the opportunities from the strengths and the threats the sporting club/ initiative may face if they do not improve. When evaluating from the results of a SOOT Analysis a development plan must be created to work on the areas of development and how to improve or better the strengths. This is a on-going procedure which in time will improve the quality of a sports club. Comprehensive Performance Assessment (C. P. A) CPA is an example of internal assessment. After a sports club have completed a SOOT analysis a sports organization will produce a CPA to put a rating the level of quality within the sports club. This is produced by a combination off sports clubs development plan. After a sports club have completed a SOOT analysis, a sports organization for example Sport England would then provide a CPA. The Spas objective is to put a value on the level of quality of a sports club. This is produced by a combination of a sports clubs action which is identified by a self assessment like a soot analysis. A plan is made with the potential quality and actual quality. Potential Quality is how good the quality of a sports club could be depending on what comes out of the development plan. Actual Potential is where a sports club is at this state eight now, which also depends on the Development plan. Different sports clubs have different levels of quality, for example some may have high quality in some areas that another sports club might not. In conclusion this type of assessment is quite effective if followed correctly and depending on if a clubs development plan is strong enough to work off. Ensuring that the goals the club are realistic and able to achieve, also the club has passed the following stages of a development plan they should be at better state for which they will achieve a better success rate and potentially more customers.

Friday, November 22, 2019

Calculations With the Gamma Function

Calculations With the Gamma Function The gamma function is defined by the following complicated looking formula: Γ ( z ) ∠«0∞e - ttz-1dt One question that people have when they first encounter this confusing equation is, â€Å"How do you use this formula to calculate values of the gamma function?†Ã‚   This is an important question as it is difficult to know what this function even means and what all of the symbols stand for. One way to answer this question is by looking at several sample calculations with the gamma function.   Before we do this, there are a few things from calculus that we must know, such as how to integrate a type I improper integral, and that e is a mathematical constant.   Motivation Before doing any calculations, we examine the motivation behind these calculations.   Many times the gamma functions show up behind the scenes.   Several probability density functions  are stated in terms of the gamma function. Examples of these include the gamma distribution and students t-distribution,   The importance of the gamma function cannot be overstated.   Γ ( 1 ) The first example calculation that we will study is finding the value of the gamma function for Γ ( 1 ). This is found by setting z 1 in the above formula: ∠«0∞e - tdt We calculate the above integral in two steps: The indefinite integral ∠«e - tdt -e - t CThis is an improper integral, so we have ∠«0∞e - tdt limb → ∞ -e - b e 0 1 Γ ( 2 ) The next example calculation that we will consider is similar to the last example, but we increase the value of z by 1.   We now calculate the value of the gamma function for Γ ( 2 ) by setting z 2 in the above formula. The steps are the same as above: Γ ( 2 ) ∠«0∞e - tt dt The indefinite integral ∠«te - tdt- te - t -e - t C.   Although we have only increased the value of z by 1, it takes more work to calculate this integral.   In order to find this integral, we must use a technique from calculus known as integration by parts. We now use the limits of integration just as above and need to calculate: limb → ∞ - be - b -e - b -0e 0 e 0. A result from calculus known as L’Hospital’s rule allows us to calculate the limit limb → ∞ - be - b 0. This means that the value of our integral above is 1. Γ (z 1 ) zΓ (z ) Another feature of the gamma function and one which connects it to the factorial is the formula Γ (z 1 ) zΓ (z ) for z any complex number with a positive real part. The reason why this is true is a direct result of the formula for the gamma function. By using integration by parts we can establish this property of the gamma function.

Thursday, November 21, 2019

A story with an epiphany and gothic sensibility like Southern Gothic Assignment

A story with an epiphany and gothic sensibility like Southern Gothic - Assignment Example He didn’t want his brat of a sister using them while he was gone. He was pretty sure he’d locked the video cabinet and he knew he’d secured the padlock just in case, but he couldn’t remember if he’d fully bolted his bedroom door. They drove all the way out to the house without a word. Uncle Jack was actually Stan’s great-uncle and they didn’t have much in common. Uncle Jack belonged to the old world before there was a color TV in every room and barely even knew what a computer was. He also almost never talked. As they pulled up to the crumbling old Colonial, Stan’s hazel eyes widened with shock at what he saw. Just from the outside, it looked like the place should be condemned, not fixed up in a bid for a historical marker. The drive was choked with weeds, the balconies sagged and the shutters, where present, sagged in frames of broken or missing glass. â€Å"Family helps itself,† Jack muttered, ambling over to the front door, fumbling with the large ring of keys he’d brought with him. Stan was impressed. Keys meant control and possession, two of his favorite things. Uncle Jack swung the blue painted wood door inward with a barely perceptible creak and Stan walked into a hallway filled with sunlight as it danced across the millions of dust motes the outer breeze was stirring. His first reaction was a giant sneeze. It was going to be worse than he thought. Jack pointed to doorways as they stomped down a frayed rug – â€Å"parlor, drawing room’s through that doorway there, library, den’s in the back, dining, storage, this here’s where we stay – servant room.† The door opened to a small cramped space that was just large enough for two twin beds, a nightstand each and a single dresser – no closet. But it was clean and he could smell the wholesome scent of fresh sheets. Stan explored the rest of the house, finding several more bedrooms on the second floor, none of which had a decent

Tuesday, November 19, 2019

Slumdog Millionaire. World and Independent Cinema Essay

Slumdog Millionaire. World and Independent Cinema - Essay Example The movie is a non-Hollywood production because it is casted in Indian origin. Slumdog Millionaire drama is in the category of Indo-British productions, not a strictly British drama. Discussion Slumdog Millionaire by Danny Boyle is a movie so upbeat and fascinating that, as one shares its infectious tone of optimism to colleagues, he could forget that the movie features orphans, slaughter, poverty, oppression, organized crime and policy hostility in its crowd moving repertoire of pain and renewal. In fact, the move culminates with and stand-up-and-dance mood. Produced purely in India and high on location, the film fabric is captivatingly rational. The story featured in the film is a pure fantasy motivated, in part, by Celador’s, co-producer, motive to enshrine its victorious innovation, the game show â€Å"Who wishes to become a millionaire?† in a film (Bloese and Shipton, 2010, p.42). Additionally, Boyle manages to leave these scary starts behind to produce a movie cha racterized by creativity and humanity and always looks on the attractive part of the tragedy. The play is a comprehensive conceit: Simon Beaufoy, the writer has split up the novel by Swarup Vikas and translated it into rags-to-riches yarn regarding Dev Patel or Jamal, a juvenile slum-born grown-up in Mumbai who presents such a fabulous presentation on ‘Millionaire’. ... , an 18-year-old teen orphan from Mumbai slum reflects back on his turbulent life while struggling to gain twenty million Indian rupees on Boyle stirring file of â€Å"who wishes to become a Millionaire.† Malik Jamal does not have a coin of his own, but he believes that this could change in a transform immediately. He is just a question away from winning the key prize on the most popular TV game show, in India, but as with all previous experiences in life of Jamal, this is not going to be possible (Bloese and Shipton, 2010, p.48). Detained by police under mistrust of deception, Jamal is questioned by authorities. In fact, the police cannot imagine that a mere â€Å"slumdog† could have the knowledge to attain such success in the game. Therefore, in a bid to convince the police of how he earned the knowledge, Jamal starts flashing back on his earlier life as a child. As a small boy, Jamal lived in shabbiness, and lost his mommy in a mass violence on Muslims. Consequently, Jamal and his brother Salim were force to depend on their wits to live, the desperate boys ended up in petty crime, ultimately befriending lovable yet gutsy teen Latika as they searched for shelter and food on the intolerant Mumbai streets. Although street live was never smooth, Jamal experiences eventually imparted the expertise required to answer the challenging questions asked to him on the show. Although Jamal makes a persuasive argument for himself, a substantial question remains, why would a teenage with no clear need for riches or recognition be so strong-minded to earn large sum on a national television game? Slumdog Millionaire film is core authored by Caledor Movies, directors of the original television show rights, and so it acts works as a character-length product placement for the project,

Saturday, November 16, 2019

What Is Meant by the Terms Aims and Objectives Essay Example for Free

What Is Meant by the Terms Aims and Objectives Essay A mission describes the organisations basic functions in society, this is in terms of the products and services that it produces for its customers. A clear business mission should have each of the following elements Purpose, this is why the business exists, next there is the Strategy and scope, this is what the business is doing and going to try and achieve, next is the standards and behaviours, this is the rules and regulations of how the business is to be operated, finally there is the values, this is what the management believes in for the business to work. The aims of a business can be different depending on which sector they’re in: Privately owned business: This business focuses more on their customers and the employees, with the costs of their products or how they give the value for the money to the products that they sell. They also focus on the profit maximisation, the growth, and their increasing market share survival. Publicly owned organisations: These may mention the service they provide, the work they do is included in the missions statements about the quality of their efficiency ad customers. These are also here to provide the best service possible to the community with the money that is provided by the government for them to spend. Non-for-profit and voluntary organisations: These people focus on the services they provide, the causes they support or their aims in helping those who are in need. These also focus on charities for example: Oxfam, British heart foundation, and many more charities, that will help people who are indeed. †¢Values †¢Strategy and scope †¢Standards and Behaviours 3 Examples of mission statements. EasyJet To provide its customers with safe, good value, point-to-point air services. To effect and to offer a consistent and reliable product and fares appealing to leisure and business markets on a range of European routes. To achieve this they will develop their people and establish lasting relationships with their suppliers. Reference: http://www.bized.co.uk/compfact/easyjet/easy8.htm BAA Our mission is to make BAA the most successful airport group in the world. This means: †¢Always focusing on our customers needs and safety. †¢Achieving continuous improvements in the profitability, costs and quality of all our processes and services. †¢Enabling us all to give of our best. †¢Growing with the support and trust of our neighbours. Source: BAA Web site Reference: http://www.bized.co.uk/compfact/baa/baa8.htm McDonalds McDonalds aim to be the UKs best fast service restaurant experience. Reference: http://www.bized.co.uk/compfact/mcdonalds/mc9.htm Many mission statements are quite short, but others are long. These all include the aims and the objectives of the business, in other words what the business is going to do and how it will achieve its missions. 5 Business Aims: †¢Survival, Is a concern for all business especially when they first start trading, To survive a business needs to work really hard to find and keep customers, but making sure there a lot better than their competitors. †¢ Growth, this is another way of saying of increasing the sales, but the sales can be increased by increasing the market share, by selling in new areas or to new customers of the country, or even developing better products or services. †¢Breaking Even, In order for a business to service it needs to be able to break even, this is the point where a business becomes self sufficient, where the money it collects in each sales is equal to the money it spends on costs. †¢Sales, this is where some businesses only focus on their increasing sales, perhaps because they think that big firms can compete more effectively than smaller companies/ businesses. †¢Market Share,  This is where many companies will aim to increase their market share each year by winning its customers away from their rivals. The aims of a business will vary depending on the sector they’re in. †¢Private Sector, the aims for this are profit maximisation, growth, increasing market share and survival. And they also would be looking to expand the business. †¢Government, the aims for this sector is to grow the economy, to help provide the best services to the public, they also are there to keep people safe to create a fair community. †¢Public sector, there aims are to provide the best service that is possible to the community with money which is provided by the government, they also are here to help improve service provision and they also have to operate within the budget that is at break even. †¢Not-for- profit, this is to raise awareness of particular causes and is to provide the best service possible with the available money. And are to increase the rand of services †¢Voluntary sector, this sector is to raise awareness of particular causes and is to provide the best service possible, with all the volunteers that are available. These also support a free service to the needy. Example of Business Aims †¢British Airways, this year we have mapped out a long-term vision for our business. It is to be the world’s leading global premium airline. http://www.britishairways.com/cms/global/microsites/ba_ report0809/pdfs/Strategy.pdf †¢Sainsbury, Aims are to provide a safe and prosperous town for its residents advertise as much as possible http://www.ukqna.com/business/2906-2-buesiness-ukqna.html †¢Easy Jet, to provide its customers with safe, good value, point-to-point air services. To effect and to offer a consistent and reliable product and fares appealing to leisure and business markets on a range of European routes. http://www.experts123.com/q/what-are-the-business-aims-and-objectives-of-easyjet.html †¢Tesco’s Value for money- competitive prices- meeting consumer needs progressive returns on investment. http://www.blurit.com/q901525.html †¢Oxfam, to examine levels and determinates of utilisation in the views of  various stakeholders (population, health committees, providers, health authorities) in the context of cost sharing. http://www.oxfam.org.uk/resources/downloads/wp_costsharing_yemen/wp_yemen_2aims Business Objectives. Aims are where the business wants to go in the future; these are long term achievements for a dream to come true for them. Objectives are more specific than aims. They are set over the short to medium term. Objectives are necessary because aims, in themselves, are to general and may be overwhelming. The aims maybe *for example*, to go to university. Business can meet their objectives by keeping focused on what they’re going to do, and what they need to do to get to that objective. For example, wanting to go to university, they need to get all their A levels. Objectives need to be smart in order for them to be realistic and work for a business. Smart- stands for †¢Specific- You need to have a clear statement about what you will be doing. It is usually quantified, which this means that it has a number in it. †¢Measurable- Achievement can be checked. By keeping a record of your progress, and the completed assessment, this will be able to measure the achievements. †¢Achievable- you can attain you’re target if you work hard, you can also do really well if you stretch you’re self. †¢Realistic- Your target should be sensible one that you can stand a chance of achieving it, for example, saying you will make  £2000 a week. †¢Time- Constrained- every objective should have a date included for achievement or review. This acts as warning, as well as backup if you happen to be falling behind. The objectives of a business will vary depending on the sector they’re in. †¢Private Sector, Increase sales, and reduce the costs to develop new products and services, improve existing products and services to hopefully find new customers. †¢Government, to reduce the crime to set the appropriate taxes, petrol prices, and provide the best schools and hospitals, to create new laws they should also improve the product quality. †¢Public sector, to  exceed customer expectations, for example they could reduce the waiting time in hospitals, help to improve exam results for GCSE and A level students. And they want to lower crime rates. They could also try and meet customer targets. And keep the costs low. †¢Not-for- profit, to raise more money and to reduce the costs so more money can be used on the services, to improve services, to get more people aware of the particular cause. †¢Voluntary sector, they want to get more volunteers to help improve their servi ces. They also want to increase revenue from donations. They should also take into account of reducing costs. Examples of Business objectives: The first set of objectives is taken from Kellogg’s a PLC business and the other objectives are from a not for profit organisation Barbados’s . †¢Kellogg’s, 1.encourage and support physical activity among all sectors of the population 2.use resources to sponsor activities and run physical activity focused community programmes for its consumers and the public in general 3.increase the association between Kellogg and physical activity 4.use the cereal packs to communicate the balance message to consumers 5.Introduce food labelling that would enable consumers to make decisions about the right balance of food. http://www.thetimes100.co.uk/case-studyusing-aims-objectives-to-create-business-strategy6-267-3.php Barnardos ambition for the next three years is to help as many families and children as possible to overcome disadvantage. To fulfil this ambition, our aims include to: †¢use donations to help the most vulnerable and †¢hardest to reach children and young people †¢better demonstrate the effectiveness of †¢our children’s services †¢extend our reach into minority communities †¢campaign fearlessly on behalf of a population †¢of disadvantaged children, young people and †¢families who struggle to represent themselves †¢exceed the average fundraising performance †¢across charities in the UK †¢grow awareness of and active support for †¢Barnardo’s work †¢attract more volunteers, especially to our †¢stores and children’s services †¢continue to grow our net retail income †¢drive up organisational performance and †¢Increase our competitive advantage. http://www.barnardos.org.uk/annual_review_2010_interactive.pdf